The people of Ecuador are rising up to refound their country as a pluri-national homeland for all. This inspiring movement, with Ecuador's indigenous peoples at its heart, is part of the revolution spreading across the Americas, laying the groundwork for a new, fairer, world. Ecuador Rising aims to bring news and analysis of events unfolding in Ecuador to english speakers.

Monday, July 28, 2008

Highlights from Ecuador's draft constitution

QUITO, Ecuador, IHT, July 24, 2008: Highlights from Ecuador's 444-article draft constitution, which would be the Andean nation's 20th.

_ The president can dissolve Congress once and Congress will have one opportunity to unseat the president. In either case, general elections would be called.

_ The president controls monetary and credit policy, which are currently handled by the Central Bank

_ The president can run for one four-year term of re-election.

_ Same-sex unions will be afforded the same rights as heterosexual marriages.

_ Unpaid domestic work is considered productive labor and those who work in the home are eligible for social security.

_ The constitution includes many expressions in Quichua, Ecuador's most widely spoken indigenous language, including, "Ama killa, ama llulla, ama shwa" an ancient Quichua behavioral code meaning: "Don't be lazy; don't lie; don't steal." Indian languages Quichua and Shuar join Spanish as Ecuador's official languages.

_ Military service is no longer mandatory.

_ Foreign military bases or installations are prohibited on Ecuadorean soil. The United States has operated anti-drug surveillance flights out of Ecuador's Manta air base since 1999. The 10-year lease expires next year, and will not be renewed.

_ Undocumented immigrants will not be considered "illegal."

_ The appropriation of genetic resources that contain biological diversity and agricultural biodiversity will be prohibited.

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