The people of Ecuador are rising up to refound their country as a pluri-national homeland for all. This inspiring movement, with Ecuador's indigenous peoples at its heart, is part of the revolution spreading across the Americas, laying the groundwork for a new, fairer, world. Ecuador Rising aims to bring news and analysis of events unfolding in Ecuador to english speakers.

Tuesday, September 04, 2007

Alfarista Program for the Constituent Assembly

Translated from Movimiento Bolivariano Alfarista
, June 5, 2007


After long years of effort, Alfarism has constituted itself as a popular movement. The dream was forged in Montubio, in the fight against “Garcianism”. It began with the formation of a small army to strike the Garcian army in Manabí. Later it became a body of intellectuals and ideologists (Juan Montalvo, Juan Borja, Roberto Andrade, etc.), and finally of the people (excepting sectors fanaticised by the church). After 33 years of fighting to take power and 17 years of fighting to hold power, Alfarism became a political and social reality.

Today as we mark 102 years of the triumph of the Alfarista Revolution, within the framework of this anniversary the Movement Bolivariano Alfarista has made a long march that left Guayaquil on May 14 and that arrived yesterday at the Station of Chimbacalle, the place where the railroad first arrived, the symbol of the national unity promoted by Alfarismo.

The fools who assassinated Alfaro and tried to delay the advance of the revolutionary process, soon had to understand that the Ecuadorian people identified with his dreams of justice, freedom and democracy and continued fighting for the attainment of those historical objectives. The baptism in blood of the working class in Guayaquil on the 15th of November, 1922, the Julian Revolution, the Glorious Revolution of May 28th, 1944, the sprouting of URJE, the anti-dictatorial fight of the youth, the conquest of free entry to University, the ascension to the Presidency of Jaime Roldós (assassinated by the CIA), the rescue of the revolutionary figure of Alfaro and guerrilla actions to defeat the oligarchy, the heroic fight of the indigenous peoples and nationalities that stopped the application of the neoliberal model; this process today - reflected in the triumph of the democratic and revolutionary sectors led by Rafael Correa - is nothing less than the continuation of the historical conquest of a free and sovereign Ecuador.

The challenge today is to complete the Popular Alfarista Revolution, is to deepen the proposal for a Citizen’s Revolution raised by Alianza Pais and to make a reality of the yearnings for free education and healthcare, of credits for farmers, a judicial revolution, a deep political reform that will definitively end the dominion of the “party-ocracy”, and the collective construction of a democratic society without exclusion.

We publicly criticise the excluding attitude and sectarianism of certain leaders of Movimiento Pais (“Movement Country”) who do not understand, nor want to understand, that the triumph of Rafael Correa is a triumph of a whole People, is the culmination of an historical process with multiple actors and a dose of sacrifice and generosity. As the dialectic teaches us, qualitative changes are not achieved merely by a series of inadvertent quantitative changes allowing us to leap forward.

We are forging the historical possibility to make revolutionary changes in our country, but unless we are able to integrate ample sectors from our people into the exercise of power it will be impossible for our objectives to be fulfilled. The “verticalist” conception of the State, by which single, “illuminated”, individuals must and can lead the historical process can lead to the bogging-down of the process in which the right-wing "party-ocracy" has been defeated, but that defeat is not absolute. Now is the hour for the greatest unity around concrete objectives, it is not enough simply to approve a new text for the Constitution that theoretically solves the great problems of the country; the fundamental thing is for a greater consensus on the policies of State and the model of country that we want to construct, is to rely upon the organised social forces that can make those transformations possible.

We propose to the country:

1. - A Moral Function: the Power of Social Control and the Surrender of Accounts, integrated with what is today the Commission of Civic Control of Corruption, the General Controller of State and the organisms of control, elected by the People as the most effective mechanism to fight the corruption.

2. - That the strategic natural resources of the State (petroleum, gas, mining, electricity, water, forests, etc.) cannot be privatised nor given away in concessions.

3. - We propose a mixed economy, based on solidarity and an equitable distribution the wealth. A sustainable economy, caring for our resources, our nature and our brothers and sisters. A free economy, free of subordination to the neoliberal market. A fixed cap on the payment of the foreign debt.

4. - A Judicial Revolution: the present judiciary is illegal (the Constitution does not authorise notaries to select it), illegitimate ("Borbuvideos", in continuance of Mahuad, Filanbanco, etc.) and ineffective in the administration of justice (thousands of prisoners are being held without sentence); they act like branch of the "party-ocracy". Equality before the law, abolition of police and military law.

5. - A professional and independent Supreme Electoral Court - not like the one that until now has been a branch of the "party-ocracy" - elected by the people on the basis of short-lists proposed by the country's universities.

6. - Efficient and effective decentralisation with fairness criteria that promote direct democracy at the local level. The right to recall all civil officials by popular election (the president, congressional deputies, mayors, prefects, advisors and councilmen). Immediate re-election, including for the Presidency of the Republic.

7. - Voluntary military service, obligatory social and civil service (for men and women).

8. - Strengthening of Latin American integration, under the axes of sovereignty, identity and cooperation, advancing towards a South American Community of Nations. Education that preserves the aspirations of Alfarism (quality, secularism, generosity, etc.) and places Ecuadorians at the height of the challenges of modernity. Universalisation of healthcare.

9. - The text of the Constitution will enshrine the immutable rights of workers to organise and the right to a decent wage, independent of any contracts signed. Without exception.

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